Predisposing factors that lead to IE during pregnancy include previous cardiac structure abnormalities like congenital bicuspid aortic valve
as in our case, IV drug abuse, periodontal disease and local infection.4 It can occur after normal delivery or during miscarriage.
Caption: Figure 1: Transthoracic ultrasound showing a degenerated bicuspid aortic valve
, combined with left ventricle dilation.
II-III II or III depending on the * Mild left ventricular condition of the patient impairment * Native or tissue valvular heart disease not considered WHO I or IV * Marfan syndrome without aortic dilatation * Aorta <45 mm in aortic disease associated with bicuspid aortic valve
* Repaired coarctation III Significantly increased * Mechanical valve risk of maternal mortality * Systemic right ventricle or severe morbidity.
The cardiac examination showed moderate right ventricular hypertrophy, atrial septal defect (secundum type), perimembranous ventricular septal defect, dysplasia of mitral valve and tricuspid valve, bicuspid aortic valve
, saccular dilatation of aorta, tortuous pulmonary artery, and patent ductus arteriosus.
Silversides, "Bicuspid aortic valve
disease," Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol.
Infundibular ventricular septal defect, aneurysm of the sinus of Valsalva, and bicuspid aortic valve
in a caucasian male.
Bicuspid Aortic Valve
: An Unusual Cause of Aneurysm of Left Coronary Sinus of Valsalva.
Lactobacillus paracasei endocarditis in a consumer of probiotics with advanced and severe bicuspid aortic valve
stenosis complicated with diffuse left ventricular mid-layer fibrosis.
The risk of aortic stenosis rises not only with age but also in people with congenital defects, such as a bicuspid aortic valve
(which has two leaflets instead of three), or those with scarring from rheumatic fever.
Rajamannan, "Bicuspid aortic valve
disease: The role of oxidative stress in Lrp5 bone formation," Cardiovascular Pathology, vol.
A 46-year-old male with a history significant for atrial fibrillation, dilated aortic root, and bicuspid aortic valve
with severe aortic regurgitation (AR) presented to the operating room for elective aortic valve replacement, aortic root replacement, and Maze procedure.
(2017) Number of patients 1 6 Skeletal malformations Short stature + - (0/6) Fractures - + (4/6) Anteverted nares + Small upturned nose + Hypertelorism + Frontal bossing + Short proximal bones + Hypermobile joints + Dislocating joints - + (3/6) Joint laxity - Diffuse demineralisation - Downslanting palpebral fissures + Congenital heart defects + (3/7) Ventricular septal defect + Pulmonary stenosis + Bicuspid aortic valve
- Aortic root dilation - Mitral valve prolapse - Neurological Small anterior pituitary + Partially empty sella Other features TSH abnormality - Cognitive delay - Stillborn sibling + GH deficiency + Congenital sensorineural deafness + Ketotic hypoglycaemia + Phenotype Baasanjav et al.