At present there are two strategies which are used; regarding the first one, application of Universal Blood and Body Fluid Precautions, also known as Universal Work Precautions, during the management of all patients, there is no controversy, and all authorities are agreed that they should be followed.
Moreover, this is contrary to the spirit of Universal Blood and Body Fluid Precautions, which assumes that every patient must be treated as though he or she is carrying an infection that can be spread by contact with blood or body fluids.
The survey for assessment of compliance with Universal Blood and Body Fluid Precautions revealed a generally low level of compliance with most recommended procedures.
The assessment of the extent to which Universal Blood and Body Fluid Precautions are followed in the management of patients was done by means of a questionnaire which was distributed among doctors and nurses in the general and emergency wards of Basaveshwar Teaching and General Hospital.
CDC first published a document in 1983 entitled "Guidelines for Isolation Precautions in Hospitals," which contained a section on blood and body fluid precautions
. Recommendations in that section called for preventive measures when a patient was known or suspected to be infected with bloodborne pathogens.