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BDCMBulk Distribution Carton Metric (shipping, supply chain)
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Though unavailable in the literature, we estimated the partition coefficient for bromodichloromethane at 29.9 through interpolation of coefficient vs boiling point for trihalomethanes.
The reference dose, which is defined as the maximum level of the safe dose, for chloroform (TCM), bromodichloromethane (BDCM), dibromochloromethane (DBCM), and bromoform (TBM), is reported to be 0.01, 0.02, 0.02, and 0.02 mg/kg-day, respectively [54].
We collected routine THM measurements (chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane, and bromoform) and historical information on water sources (surface/ground proportion) and treatment in the drinking water supplied to the study areas back to 1940 through a structured questionnaire aimed at water utilities and local and health authorities.
They were prepared in iso-octane for chloroform and n-pentane for bromoform, bromodichloromethane and dibromochloromethane.
In lab studies on mice and rats, three THMs (bromoform, bromodichloromethane, and dibromochloromethane) caused changes in kidney, liver, and serum enzyme levels and decreased body weight.
Four of the THMs (chloroform, bromodichloromethane, chlorodibromomethane, and bromoform) are regulated by the U.S.
Four of the 10 possible THMs regulated as total THMs are trichloromethane (chloroform), tribromomethane (bromoform), bromodichloromethane and bromochloromethane.
The authors report that concentrations of ETHM [sum of chloroform (TCM), bromodichloromethane (BDCM), dibromochloromethane (DBCM), and bromoform (TBM)] in both blood and water varied by site and season.
RESULTS: Blood [summation over (term)]THM [sum of chloroform (TCM), bromodichloromethane (BDCM), dibromochloromethane (DBCM), and bromoform (TBM)1 concentrations varied by site and season.
Trihalomethanes (THMs) are the DBPs found generally at the highest concentrations, and the most common THMs are chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane, and bromoform.