Through a process known as 'deconfliction,' CARRP also cedes much of the authority reserved solely for the immigration agency to federal law enforcement, in particular the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI).
As a result, CARRP has effectively turned the immigration benefits adjudication process over to the FBI.
Although naturalization applications must generally be adjudicated within six months of filing, CARRP has led USCIS to hold applications for years without adjudication.
In its detailed findings, the ACLU says CARRP automatically deems applicants whose names appear on the Terrorist Watch List as "national security concerns.
The ACLU says CARRP also instructs USCIS officers to label applicants "national security concerns" if they gave lawful donations to several large Muslim-American charities, "even if those donations were made long before any accusations that the charities were providing 'material support' to terrorist organizations.
The ACLU also says CARRP instructs USCIS officers to label applicants "national security concerns" based on national origin and other overbroad criteria, such as if they have "travel[ed] through or resid[ed] in areas of known terrorist activity"-effectively singling applicants out based on the country they are from-or if they wire money back to their families in their home countries; or if they speak a foreign language or have certain professions.
The ACLU charged, "Under CARRP, USCIS will neither tell applicants that they have been deemed a 'national security concern,' nor give them an opportunity to contest that designation.