The ACLU said people on a terrorism watch list are routinely caught up in the CARRP net and have had their citizenship applications put on hold.
Predictably, the CARRP program not only catches far too many harmless applicants in its net, but it has overwhelmingly affected applicants who are Muslim or perceived-to-be Muslim."
"Through a process known as 'deconfliction,' CARRP also cedes much of the authority reserved solely for the immigration agency to federal law enforcement, in particular the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)....
Under CARRP, USCIS officers are instructed to follow FBI direction as to whether to deny, approve, or hold in abeyance-potentially indefinitely--an application for an immigration benefit.
"Although naturalization applications must generally be adjudicated within six months of filing, CARRP has led USCIS to hold applications for years without adjudication.
In its detailed findings, the ACLU says CARRP automatically deems applicants whose names appear on the Terrorist Watch List as "national security concerns." It says the Terrorist Watch List "is a faulty, over-inclusive list containing hundreds of thousands of names of individuals, including US residents, who are never told they are on the Watch List or given a meaningful opportunity to dispute their inclusion on it."
The ACLU says CARRP also instructs USCIS officers to label applicants "national security concerns" if they gave lawful donations to several large Muslim-American charities, "even if those donations were made long before any accusations that the charities were providing 'material support' to terrorist organizations.
The ACLU also says CARRP instructs USCIS officers to label applicants "national security concerns" based on national origin and other overbroad criteria, such as if they have "travel[ed] through or resid[ed] in areas of known terrorist activity"-effectively singling applicants out based on the country they are from-or if they wire money back to their families in their home countries; or if they speak a foreign language or have certain professions.
The ACLU charged, "Under CARRP, USCIS will neither tell applicants that they have been deemed a 'national security concern,' nor give them an opportunity to contest that designation.