CATOCConvention against Transnational Organized Crime (UN)
CATOCCorps Artillery Tactical Operations Center
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(102.) See supra Parts III.A-C (discussing obstacles faced by witnesses seeking relief through visa system, CAT, CATOC, and state-created danger theory).
(103.) See infra Part IV (stressing insufficiency of mechanisms protecting witnesses and arguing for statutory language implementing CATOC Article 24).
(126.) See supra note 83 (distinguishing analysis of CATOC Article 24 as issue of first impression before Third Circuit).
(128.) See infra Part IV.B.1 (finding absence of implementing Article 24 legislation); infra Part IV.B.2 (presuming non-self-executing nature of CATOC treaty language).
(129.) Compare supra Part III.B.1 (articulating provisions of CAT Article 1 incorporated into federal law through FARRA), with supra Part III.B.2 (providing relevant portions of CATOC Article 24 relating to witness protection).
(131.) See supra note 78 (reviewing relationship between CATOC and domestic legislation); cf.
supra note 87 and accompanying text (suggesting state-created danger doctrine as inappropriate vehicle for incorporating CATOC into domestic law).
(139.) See supra note 78 (citing recommendation of State Department as to enforceability of CATOC); supra note 64 (noting presumption against self-execution throughout federal courts).
ratification of CATOC and its optional protocols addressing human trafficking and smuggling).
declaration with respect to non-self-executing nature of CAT Articles 1 through 16) with supra Part IV.B.2 (concluding treaty language of CATOC to be non-self-executing).
(146.) Compare supra Part III.B.1 (qualifying 'torture' under CAT Article 1 as incorporated into federal law through FARRA) with supra Part III.B.2 (setting forth CATOC Article 24 guarantee "to provide effective protection from potential retaliation or intimidation...").