CBAE funding is a significant force in promoting federal policy because these monies flow directly to private entities that apply for and receive government grants.
(101) However, programs funded under CBAE must teach all eight points.
(88) Initially known as SPRANS-CBAE, its administration was transferred to the administration for Children and Families (ACF) Family and Youth Services Bureau and is now referred to as Community-Based Abstinence Education (CBAE).
CBAE opened up wide avenues of communication and pride with students who are deaf.
CBAE results in images and stories that matter, that have life because they are about life.
After many years of expansion, Congress rejected the Bush administration's recommendation to increase funding for CBAE by $28 million and instead kept its funding for FY 2008 unchanged at $176 million.
Apparently responding to these charges, the 2007 program guidelines for the CBAE program created a new requirement specifically pertaining to medical accuracy.
Given these developments, it was not surprising when the federal government finally moved to define abstinence and sexual activity in its January 2006 grant announcement for the CBAE program (related article, Winter 2006, page 19).
Although not as extreme as some would have liked, the standard envisioned by the CBAE guidance still conflicts with prevailing patterns of human sexual behavior, not only for unmarried adults but for adolescents as well.
Since CBAE's inception, the federal government has interpreted the requirement within its statutory, eight-point definition that funded programs have as their "exclusive purpose, teaching the social, psychological, and health gains to be realized by abstaining from sexual activity" to preclude any positive discussion of contraception.
The announcement is clear that an important goal of the CBAE program is to prepare young people for marriage--which it defines as "only a legal union between one man and one woman as a husband and wife." Accordingly, programs must emphasize "that the best life outcomes are more likely obtained if an individual abstains until marriage"; "that non-marital sex can undermine the capacity for healthy marriage, love and commitment"; and "that abstinence is beneficial in preparation for successful marriage and significantly increases the probability of a happy, healthy marriage." The announcement also encourages funded curricula to promote the moral value of abstinence, including that "abstinence reflects qualities of personal integrity and is honorable."
Apparently responding to charges that CBAE curricula are rife with medical and scientific inaccuracies, the program announcement explicitly states that curricula must contain references for factual information provided about contraceptive failure rates and side effects, as well as the harms associated with STDs.