Two studies found the combination of CBGT and exposure therapy (ET) to be ideal in treating social phobia.
1999) examined the effects of CBGT under the following treatment conditions for children (ages 7-12) with anxiety disorders: (a) child only, Co) parent-child, and (c) parent only (N = 62).
s (2000) study to determine the effectiveness of using a 16-week CBGT for treating female adolescents.
Thus, the study indicated that CBGT did alleviate social phobic symptoms in the short term, but Hayward et al.
1991) to compare the use of phenelzine, alprozolam, CBGT, and pill-placebo.
Results indicated that the phenelzine produced the highest responders (69%), followed by alprozolam (38%), CBGT (24%), and pill-placebo (20%).
ACT and CBGT each consisted of four 1 1/2 hour sessions held at weekly intervals.
CBGT consists of three primary components: simulated exposures to feared situations, cognitive restructuring, and homework assignments for in vivo exposure based on individualized hierarchies.
For the most part, scores on the SPS, FNE, and FQ decreased for participants in the ACT and CBGT conditions (indicating clinical improvement), while during the same time frame the scores for the wait-list control condition remained the same or increased.
Treatment with CBGT should produce decreased anxiety ratings if individuals indeed changed their beliefs about a situation, whereas following ACT we would expect an increased willingness to perform previously avoided behaviors, regardless of whether the anxiety level changes.
With only seven participants in the two active treatments, it would be premature to make any statements about the differential effectiveness of ACT versus CBGT.