What exactly is CBPR
? Apec defines CBPR
as a voluntary certification scheme that allows companies to transfer personal data (inter- and intra-company) in a safe manner across Apec economies.
In this way, CBPR
ensures that the values and interests of the communities affected are considered and that research outcomes are relevant to their needs.
Leavy (2017) states that "CBPR
is meant to produce public scholarship that is useful in one or more settings, and in one or more social or political conversations" (p.
This evidence-based program used principles of CBPR
during the development throughout its dissemination to new settings.
It has four main components: "Recognizing organizations wishing to become an APEC CBPR
system Accountability Agent; a process for APEC governments and private sector companies that wish to be certified as APEC CBPR
system compliant by a third-party CBPR
system certified Accountability Agent; well defined criteria utilized by certified Accountability Agents that review an organization's response and ability to properly secure data according to the 9 APEC CBPR
system principles; and a regulatory cooperative arrangement that ensures each of the APEC CBPR
system program requirements are enforceable by participating APEC economies."
The community based participatory research (CBPR
) is regarded as an alternative research paradigm, which integrates psychological intervention and social action to improve health related behaviors6.
(3) If a third party in a foreign country receives certification under the CBPR
system of APEC, the provision of the personal data to such third party will not require the consent of the data holder because it can be said that a receiver of the personal date has the certification which is based on the international regime for handing of the personal information.
Community-based participatory research (CBPR
) was the chosen method, as it is a framework that focuses on supporting community partners in conducting research that is meaningful to them, so that the research is driven by and mobilized back into the community.
Another effective approach is community-based participatory research (CBPR
) which is based on a community empowerment model and uses evidence-based theories, community participation and interventions that are embedded within the local culture and systems (Wallerstein et al., 2011).
Therefore, the purpose of this study was to determine the perceived self-health status and health education needs of Haitian adults within the communities (rural versus urban) using a Community Based Participatory Research (CBPR
Building on this history of activism, Neighborhoods Working in Partnership: Building Capacity for Policy Change, was established in 2007 by the Detroit Community-Academic Urban Research Center (Detroit URC; detroiturc.org), a community-based participatory research (CBPR
) partnership working for over 20 years to improve the health and well-being of Detroit residents (Israel et al., 2001).