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The incoming air generates a "lake of fresh air" at floor level, rises up due to buoyancy near the heat sources and leaves the cabin through the inversely operated CCDV outlet.
MV and CCDV reveal a very homogenous LVE of the order of 1.0.
CCDV and MV perform similar at the two lower volume flow rates, with CCDV improving with increasing volume flow.
As an example, Figure 7 depicts infrared views of the torso region for MV, CCDV, HV and CDV for winter conditions.
Looking at the spring/fall scenario in Figure 8b), the highest thermal comfort, given by the distribution of the equivalent temperatures, is provided by the CCDV and HV scenarios.