members perceived lack of local administrative commitment and lack of adequately prepared teachers as the top two barriers to implementation.
The Common Core State Standards (CCSS) were developed in collaboration with teachers, school administrators, and education experts through a state-led effort coordinated by the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO
) and the National Governors Association Center for Best Practices (NGA).
The initial applications of CCSS are in the areas of reading, writing, and mathematics literacy (NGACBP & CCSSO
Critics of the law include CCSSO
and North Carolina State Superintendent June Atkinson, who is worried teacher morale could dip.
reports 41 states have an HIV/AIDS curriculum or curriculum guide and 27 states have developed an HIV/AIDS education curriculum as part of a broader curriculum for comprehensive health education.
Further detail on the standards and their implementation can be found at the websites for the Common Core State Standards (corestandards.org), Council of Chief State School Officers (ccsso
.org), and National Governors Association Center for Best Practices (nga.org/cms/center).
Department of Education (USED) requires states participating in either of the two Race to the Top assessment consortia (Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium and Partnership for Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers [PARCC]), as well as those participating in either of the two Enhanced Assessment Grant (EAG) English language proficiency assessment consortia (WIDA's Assessment Services Supporting English Learners through Technology Systems [ASSETS] and CCSSO
's English Language Proficiency Assessment for the 21st Century [ELPA21]), to establish a "common definition of English Learner." Specifically, each consortium "must define the term in a manner that is uniform across member states and consistent with section 9101 (25)1 of the ESEA" (US Department Of Education, 2010, p.
Achieve, in partnership with the National Governors Association (NGA) and the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO
), developed the Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts (ELA) and mathematics in 2009.
The following list of resources was provided by Margaret Millar, Senior Associate Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO
), March, 2012.
The National Governors Association (NGA) and the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO
) released the draft college and career-readiness standards for public input.
Only recently have professional organizations identified and promulgated standards for professionally competent educational diagnostic activity (CEC, 1998, CEC, 2000, CCSSO
The Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO
) asked the committee, along with several similar bodies across the country, to examine the standards and offer suggestions for improvement.