In recent years, MRI and MRV were considered for the assessment of hemodynamic characteristics of the jugular veins system in patients with multiple sclerosis suspected of having CCSVI
. Several technical recommendations and protocols for venous system MRI study have been provided with a detailed description of pros and cons of all imaging sequences currently used [7-11].
However, there is a community of people affected by MS who are major supporters of the CCSVI
liberation theory (where liberation refers to the insertion of a stent in the jugular vein to 'cure' MS).
Researchers investigated the connection between CCSVI
and multiple sclerosis MS.
In 2010 the Society established the Rapid Response Fund, to enable a global outreach and expedited review process for CCSVI
However, a spokeswoman at the Department of Health said there was still not enough evidence to suggest CCSVI
is a cause of MS, or that the use of stents or balloons to widen veins would be effective as a treatment.
Liberation Treatment - a surgical procedure for treating CCSVI
- has also shown positive results in a small number of patients suffering from MS.
He's termed the condition chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency, or CCSVI
In some countries such as Canada, Germany and Poland doctors have even begun treating it by widening those veins using a stent or balloon, a process known as CCSVI
The 48-year-old is paying pounds 4,500 to attend a private clinic, which operates on people with a condition known as CCSVI
. The condition slows or stops blood being pumped to and from the brain.
Interestingly, after a quick search of the MSAA website, I could find no mention of anything having to do with Zamboni, Chronic Cerebrospinal Venous Insufficiency (CCSVI
) or Liberation Treatment.
The description of chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency (CCSVI
) leads numerous researchers to explore the role of restricted venous outflow in favouring multiple sclerosis (MS) [1-5], Alzheimer's disease , Parkinson's disease , Meniere disease , and migraine [9-11].
Code is presently the Director of Medical Research for the National CCSVI