is a commercially available test and does not directly test EBP knowledge.
Previous studies have used the CCTST
to measure critical thinking (Williams, 2003; Zettergren, 2004; Colucciello, 2005; Yang, 2008).
yielded 6 scores: an individual's overall score as well as scores on 5 subscales.
was developed following a 46-member American Philosophical Association's Delphi consensus conceptualization of critical thinking (American Philosophical Association [APA], 1990).
Most of the valid and reliable tools used to measure critical thinking abilities--including the California Critical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST
), the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTDI), and the Watson-Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA)--were not designed specifically for use with nursing students.
(21) The results of their investigation suggested critical thinking skills, as measured by the California Critical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST
), explained a statistically significant proportion of variance in initial clinical performance as measured by the 3 outcome measures.
Based on this definition and in order to stimulate united research activities, several instruments for measuring different aspects of critical thinking were developed and validated: the "California Critical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST
)" for measuring general critical thinking skills (Facione & Facione, 1992); the "California Critical Thinking Dispositions Inventory (CCTDI)" (Facione, Facione, & Giancarlo, 1992) for measuring relevant dispositions and attitudes; and the "Holistic Critical Thinking Scoring Rubrib (HCTSR)" (Facione & Facione, 1994) for considering the subject matter or context in which critical thinking skills are applied.
The California Critical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST
), developed by Facione, Facione and Sanchez, is based on the Delphi Expert Consensus Definition of Critical Thinking (1994).
Other measurements tools, such as the California Critical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST
), the Watson Glaser Critical Thinking Appraisal (WGCTA), and the Critical Thinking Scale (CTS), have shown a positive correlation between concept mapping and critical thinking in numerous studies (Daley et al., 1999; L'Eplattenier, 2001; Wheeler & Collins, 2003).
Data were collected using the California Critical Thinking Skills Test (CCTST
) and the Learning Environment Preferences (LEP).