CDHRICairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam
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The plan stated that countries under the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), of which Malaysia is a member, should instead adhere to the interpretation of human rights in accordance to the Shariah law, and instruments such as the CDHRI should be a primary reference.
It said referencing the CDHRI is important, claiming that mankind still needed religion to sustain civilisation and preserve rights, despite technological progress and advances.
Malaysia is a signatory of the CDHRI signed in 1990, alongside 44 other Muslim-majority OIC members such as Brunei, Bangladesh, Indonesia and Pakistan.
In the NHRAP, Putrajaya said OIC members may adhere to their own interpretations of human rights based on CDHRI's Article 25 that states: 'The Islamic Shariah is the only source of reference for the explanation or clarification of any of the articles of this Declaration.'
"The western governments' opposition to the declaration (CDHRI) is not acceptable," Larijani said, addressing a ceremony held to grant the International Islamic Human Rights award in Tehran on Wednesday.
Larijani underlined that the CDHRI doesn't intend to impose the Islamic human rights values on other countries either.
The CDHRI is a declaration of the member states of the Organization of the Islamic Conference adopted in Cairo, Egypt, in 1990, which provides an overview on the Islamic perspective on human rights, and affirms Islamic sharia as its sole source.
This is advanced only in two cases, one of which is non-compulsion in the refutation of one's religion (Article 10 of the CDHRI)(55) and the other is non-compulsion of non-Muslim minorities in the choice of religion (Article 10 of the UIDHR).
This is jeopardized by Article 12 of the UIDHR and Article 9 of the CDHRI. Both of these Articles set the limits of this right in a confessional notion of the public order--that is on the promotion of the true Islamic Faith.
18 CDHRI. If in nothing else, the Muslim states are clearly in agreement with Pope Benedict XVI when he holds that religion is not simply a matter for private life.
While the debate rages on as to whether the CDHRI is actually a major, religion-induced schism in the international, intercultural consensus on human rights, it does not appear that current and past commentators within religious circles have contributed much to a better understanding of what is actually meant by the term privacy.
Thus, as seen in the references to CDHRI above, one can detect a right to privacy entrenched in Islamic scholarship: