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The cell cycle regulators, such as ER-[alpha], the ER-[alpha] linked cyclin D1, cyclin-dependent kinase 4 (cdk4), and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), all followed this pattern of high in tumor tissues, intermediate in tumor-surrounding livers and low in control liver.
Likewise, western blot analysis showed expression levels of cyclinD1, CDK6, CDK4, and VEGF were significantly upregulated by LIPUS compared with the control group (P<0.01 or P< 0.001, Figure 1C).
The most commonly used IHC markers in the diagnosis of ALT/WDL are MDM2 and CDK4. Binh et al (26) studied 559 soft tissue tumors, including 44 ALT/WDL, 61 DDL, 48 benign adipose tumors, and 403 other sarcomas.
The immunohistochemical expression of p16, MDM2, and CDK4 is useful for distinguishing ALT from other lipomatous tumors .
Active cell proliferation requires that CDK2 and CDK4 phosphorylate RB (producing its inactive form).
Further, we assessed the expression of cell cycle related proteins, including cyclin D1, CDK4, CDK6, p16, pRb, and E2F1 in HeLa cells.
(f) Western blot analysis of proteins involved in G0-G1 cell cycle regulation (CDK2, CDK4, and CDK6) in the BCa cells.
To evaluate whether MRB affects the expressions of CDK4 or 6, HCT116, LoVo and SW480 cells were treated with MRB for 24 h.
Furthermore, high concentration Cdk4 and Cdk6 protein in cell is required at this time of cell cycle as well.
A p16INK4a insensitive CDK4 mutant targeted by cytolytic T lymphocytes in a human melanoma.
"Our results indicate that gossypin may have great therapeutic potential as a dual inhibitor of mutations called BRAFV600E kinase and CDK4, which occur in the vast majority of melanoma patients.
Recently, single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping of a sclerosing rhabdomyosarcoma revealed amplification within the 12q13-15 region, including the genes SAS, GLI, CDK4, and MDM2 .
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- CDk Activating Kinase
- CDK inhibitor p19INK4d
- CDK inhibitory protein
- CDK-activating kinase
- CDK-activating kinase p42
- Cdk-associated protein phosphatase
- CDK-Interacting Protein
- CDK-interacting protein 1
- CDK-interaction protein 1
- CDK2-associated dual specificity phosphatase
- CDK2-associated dual-specificity phosphatase
- CDK4 gene
- CDK4 gene
- CDK4 inhibitor p16-INK4, INK4a
- CDK4B inhibitor
- CDK5-Binding Protein
- CDK6 inhibitor p18
- CDK8 protein kinase
- CDK8-like cyclin-dependent kinase
- CDK9-associated C-type protein