out of the 19 not implementing the CEFR
, their rationale was 07 do not know that at all.
Consequently, they are adapted to suit the competence level established for the three legal English textbooks employed as reference, that is, CEFR
level B2 to C1 (upper-intermediate to advanced level).
According to the CEFR
, a B2 learner can understand the main ideas of complex texts on both concrete and abstract topics, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialisation; can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with native speakers quite possible without strain for either party; and can produce clear, detailed texts on a wide range of subjects and explain a viewpoint on a topical issue giving the advantages and disadvantages of various options.
Along similar lines, the CEFR
also very consistently supports students' ability to comprehend and operate among different languages and cultures.
The tests have only included the receptive skills and they are correlated with CEFR
Language proficiency descriptor scales such as the CEFR
(Council of Europe, 2001), the WIDA English Language Proficiency Standards and Assessing Comprehension and Communication in English State to State (ACCESS) assessment (Kenyon, MacGregor, Li, & Cook, 2011; WIDA, 2012), the ESL Standards for Pre-K-12 students in the United States (Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages, Inc., 2006), the ACCLES in Hong Kong (Davison, 2004), and the National Languages and Literacy Institute of Australia (NLLIA) ESL Bandscales (McKay, 2007; Scott & Erduran, 2004) have been used to assist teachers in understanding and interpreting learners' language proficiency development.
However, every year, the administration sends teachers with at least a B2 level of the CEFR
(Common European Framework of Reference for Languages) to the European Sections which, for different reasons, need this additional support.
Among the salient points we find in his work are the identification of important cultural differences and some reasons that the approach proposed in the CEFR
may bring up when considering aspects like language instruction and the use of computer technology, among others.
In the field of languages, the Council of Europe has developed the CEFR
(Common European Framework of References) for languages, which aims to provide a reference framework for describing different qualifications, identifying different language learning objectives and setting out the basis of different achievement standards.