However, at the mass ratio of 1:4, the averaged crystalline size of TiO2 was increased again and the diffraction peak of cubic CeO2
became stronger, but the peak at 2I,=8.24o for Pal was almost disappeared, which might be related with the reduction of TiO2 particles, inducing the aggregation of some active species Ce on the surface of TiO2, thus the optimal mass ratio of the composite carrier was of great importance.
Choi, "Ecotoxicological investigation of CeO2
and TiO2 nanoparticles on the soil nematode Caenorhabditis elegans using gene expression, growth, fertility, and survival as endpoints," Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology, vol.
The composite ceria that based on the CeO2
shows mixed electronic and ionic conductivity.
The one exception was butyric acid production, which decreased during the CeO2
Nanoparticles such as TiO2 in spinach and CeO2
in soybean increased photosynthesis and chlorophyll contents.
Evidence of differential biotransformation and genotoxicity of ZnO and CeO2
nanoparticles on soybean (Glycine max) plants.
The aim of the group was to synthesize and evaluate the toxicity of cerium oxide (CeO2
) nanoparticles through green chemistry method as a safe and novel approach.
Ivanova, "Physicochemical and catalytic properties of systems based on CeO2
," Kinetics and Catalysis, vol.
Gardea-Torresdey, "X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) corroboration of the uptake and storage of ceo2
nanoparticles and assessment of their differential toxicity in four edible plant species," Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, vol.
 TREO (Total Rare Earth Oxides) is HREO plus La2O3, CeO2
, Pr6O11, Nd2O3 and Sm2O3.