Alguns autores mencionam que um dos efeitos do calor seria o efeito fisico de oclusao das fraturas e microferimentos pelo derretimento das ceras existentes na camada epicuticular, protegendo, desta forma, o fruto da entrada de patogenos (SCHIRRA et al.
O material ceroso, proveniente do derretimento dos cristaloides, e a formacao de uma camada mais amorfa e homogenea de ceras (Figura 2c) provavelmente ajudaram na cobertura das rachaduras na superficie epicuticular quando os frutos foram submetidos ao calor.
A cultivar Gala tambem apresentou derretimento de cristaloides (Figura 3c), fenomeno que foi menos evidente nesta cultivar pelas caracteristicas de sua camada de ceras epicuticulares.
9]: "Per has [Sirenes] transiturus, Ulixes sociis aures cera obturavit, semet malo alligait, illesusque perttransivit" (When Ulysses was about to pass by these [Sirens], he stopped his companions' ears with wax, bound himself to the mast, and sailed by them unscathed).
1, but there the motif of open-eared Ulysses is suppressed: "ad insulam Sirenum delatus aures sociorum cera illitas obturavit seque ad malum navis alligari iussit, ne suavitate cantus victus perimeretur" (having reached the island of the Sirens, he scaled up his comrades' ears with wax and ordered that he himself be bound to the mast of the ship, lest he be overcome by the sweetness of their song).
9: "Per [Sirenes] transiturus Ulixes sociis aures cera obturavit, se malo alligavit illaesusque pertransiit.
Already, the SOA and 13 other actuarial organizations in 12 countries, including Japan, France, Sweden, Canada and Mexico, signed a treaty recognizing CERA as the global benchmark for achievement in risk management.
Any organization that wants to offer the CERA has to adhere closely to the SOA's standards.
Businesses that rely on CERAs can make smarter, more confident decisions," Robbins said.
The CERA can be earned by professionals who complete a rigorous curriculum encompassing the most comprehensive demonstration of enterprise risk management (ERM) available.
The CERA is earned by professionals who complete a rigorous curriculum,
To earn this international credential, CERA candidates must successfully complete five exams, an educational module and a professionalism course.