CFERSCitizens for Environmental Rights and Safety (Minnesota)
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* Column (a) is the number of interactive CFERs produced using the Intramax procedure.
The SA2s that are SCLMs are considered analogous to interactive CFERs as they represent a labour market and therefore should be included in any analysis.
In total, across Australia there are 159 Original CFERs, of which 123 are interactive CFERs, 11 are SA2s that are SCLMs, and 25 are SA2s that have no JTW commuting flows.
From Table 4 it is evident that there is a substantially larger number of Female CFERs than there are Male CFERs across Australia, and this is also the case for Less Skilled CFERs and for Trades CFERs as against Skilled CFERs, while the number of Less Skilled CFERs and Trades CFERs are about the same.
With relation to JTW mode of travel, because the JTW is dominated by road transport there is a large number of Road JTW CFERs across Australia, with that number being similar to the number of Original CFERs.
For example, in the case of the Bicycle JTW CFERs there are naturally many non-interactive SA2s as, generally, the distance someone would ride a bike is small and it is quite likely that bike riders do not leave their SA2 of origin.
While SCLMs should be treated as interactive CFERs in most analyses, this coding structure allows analysts to consider the difference between these types of regions.
The SA2s that were not part of interactive Rail CFERs were combined, given the name Not Included and the code 9000.
We have mapped the 10 regionalisations of CFERs to show the spatial pattern of these functional economic regions across Australia, with map inserts focusing on the Greater Capital City Statistical Areas (GCCSAs) of Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.
The discussion that follows draws attention to some of the significant features of those maps for the 10 regionalisations of the CFERs.
The boundaries of the Original CFERs derived from the 2011 census JTW commuting flows data for all workers across all industry categories are shown in Figure 1.
There are multiple Original CFERs in Australia's five GCCSAs--with the boundaries often extending beyond the de jure defined GCCSAs--indicating that those large metropolitan concentrations of people are characterised by a poli-centric structure in which distinct functional labour market regions have emerged.