Cross-tabulation followed to examine the relationships between socio-economic variables (class, ethnicity, livelihood options, involvement in CFUG
executive committee, and CFUG
's experience on REDD+ piloting) and the respondents' perceptions towards REDD+.
Human capital: Various trainings and workshops for CFUG
members have been provided by the district forest office (DFO) on health, information, ability to labor which have improved their skills on forest management and overall in the livelihood of poor people.
General Assembly represents all members of the CFUGs
and the EC is composed of 13 members in Bhulbhuladevi and 17 members in Sittum Kasyari CFUG
More than eight million people--or about 13,500 CFUGs
, ranging from 30 to 100 members--now collectively manage 1.
Low income and marginalized members of CFUGs
are mostly involved in collection and production processes while the private sector entrepreneurs take charge of the entire markets and facilitates in supply of FMSE products.
In a CFUG
at Dhamilikuwa VDC of Lamjung district, Dalit (low caste) groups were denied access to public forestland, which could have provided benefits to livelihoods without major effect on forest condition.
Most people in the Nepalese middle hills are members of a CFUG
While both CFUGs
and VDCs are known to contribute to local development for a wide range of rural citizens, important differences exist amongst them: i) while all citizens have the right to be represented by and receive services from the VDC, only members can expect to influence CFUGs
and access their services, ii) only VDC officials are required by law to be elected through universal suffrage and secret balloting (as opposed to CFUG
Forest area of Kalobhir CFUG
is 545 ha (Annon 2004a, 2004b) and that of Lahare CFUG
is 458 ha (Annon 2004c, 2004d).
receives annual REDD+ payments based on four criteria (i.
A total of seven forest product traders at local and district levels, and two to four members from executive committee of each CFUG
were also interviewed.
First, in the context of CF, there has been an intense debates related to the renegotiation of rights of local communities, as some government officials believed that the government lost essential power to monitor the activities of the CFUGs