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A CFUG Chairperson said 'we have provisions for making these activities [silvicultural operations] mandatory.
Physical capital: CFUG funds have been invested in community development activities and basic infrastructures such as water, sanitation, energy, transport, communications and housing, which have impact upon the livelihood of poor people living in the areas concerned.
If we see representation by poor in key positions (chairperson, vice chairperson, secretary, treasurer, sub-secretary), only one out of 10 positions of both CFUG was poor and rest was from Bramhin/Chhetri and rich households.
The 1989 Master Plan for the Forestry Sector and the Forest Act of 1997 refined the rules governing forestry and created what are called Community Forest User Groups (CFUGs)--self-governing, independent bodies that are the foundation of local conservation.
In community managed forests, they are largely influenced by regular forest management activities conducted by the CFUG. Plots with higher diversity and higher density of trees, but with low biomass and carbon stock at lower elevation, suggest that the selective cutting and plantation of trees near settlements resulted in a large number of trees but with a low DBH, less biomass, and smaller amounts of carbon.
The Kankali Community Forest User Group (CFUG) was chosen for the case study.
Cross-tabulation followed to examine the relationships between socio-economic variables (class, ethnicity, livelihood options, involvement in CFUG executive committee, and CFUG's experience on REDD+ piloting) and the respondents' perceptions towards REDD+.
This approach basically involves three stakeholders viz., CFUG, low income and marginalized people within the CFUG and local investors or entrepreneurs.
Whereas the Forest Act 1993 recognises the CFUG as a perpetually self-governed institution, with rights to independently manage forest products and fix the prices of forest products, Community Forestry (CF) directives 1995 (clause 3c) enables District Forest Officers (DFOs) to set conditions of forest management.
A formal survey of 304 households was conducted with minimum 30 households from each CFUG. The list of households was taken from the CFUGs office.
While both CFUGs and VDCs are known to contribute to local development for a wide range of rural citizens, important differences exist amongst them: i) while all citizens have the right to be represented by and receive services from the VDC, only members can expect to influence CFUGs and access their services, ii) only VDC officials are required by law to be elected through universal suffrage and secret balloting (as opposed to CFUG executive committees).
Lahare CFUG helped control poaching of pheasants, musk deer, tiger, etc.
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