To address these issues, the USCG should use its authority under the CGAA to promulgate binding RUF for PCASP.
[section] 51705(4) states that the curriculum include "standard rules for the use of force for self-defense as developed by the Secretary of the department in which the Coast Guard is operating under section 912(c) of the Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2010." Since this section references the CGAA of 2010, this Note focuses on the language of that CGAA for its analysis of RUF for PCASP and mariners.
Section 912 of the CGAA prevents monetary liability from attaching when "an owner, operator, time charterer, master, mariner, or individual" uses force to defend a U.S.-flagged vessel.
(62) Additionally, after proffering examples that contrasted the standard arbiter pairing pattern the majority had offered, the dissent cited cases in which bench trials were not divorced from the beyond a reasonable doubt standard, and prudently brought attention to direct line precedence that employed a beyond a reasonable doubt standard in deciding jurisdiction prior to the 1996 CGAA amendment.
(33.) See generally Coast Guard Authorization Act of 1996 (CGAA), Pub.
(36.) See MDLEA, supra note 3; see also CGAA, supra note 33; cf.
founders include Mathew Lok, Kim Hung, Raymond Pong, Yan Wong, Albert Chan, Wayne Choi, and Larence Lau.
ballast water provisions of the CGAA after the provisions of the Ballast
times more stringent than the IMO standards; the CGAA, as passed by the
(230) Under the CGAA, the Coast Guard retains jurisdiction to develop
In this study, the association of the haplotypes consisting of the former four SNPs with sheep ADG was further analyzed, and the Haplo2 (CGAA) and 8 (TGAA), containing three main base transitions (a T [right arrow] C at position -956, a C [right arrow] A at position -41 and a G [right arrow] A at position 6223), were identified to be strongly associated with muscular hypertrophy traits.
Myostatin haplotype distribution in different breeds (cross) Non-meat Breeds Double Haplotype Sequence Huyang (71) Kazak (48) Beltex (7) Haplo1 CGAG 23.24 6.25 Haplo2 CGAA 42.88 Haplo3 CGCG 11.27 17.71 Haplo4 CGCA 42.88 Haplo5 CAAG Haplo6 CACG Haplo7 TGAG 23.24 43.75 14.24 Haplo8 TGAA Haplo9 TGCG 42.25 32.29 Haplo10 TGCA / / / Haplo11 TAAG Haplo12 TACG Muscle Meat Breeds Haplotype Bx H (32) Dorper (56) MPMF (127) MF (23) Haplo1 21.88 58.04 39.76 43.48 Haplo2 39.06 Haplo3 17.86 29.53 19.57 Haplo4 10.94 Haplo5 2.76 Haplo6 4.72 Haplo7 21.87 10.71 14.57 10.87 Haplo8 6.25 Haplo9 13.39 4.72 26.09 Haplo10 / / / / Haplo11 0.39 Haplo12 3.54 "/" means haplo10 was not present in the studied sheep populations, and animal numbers are in brackets after the breed.