CHLCCooperative Human Linkage Center
CHLCCosmic and Heliospheric Learning Center
CHLCCoalition Humanitarian Liaison Centre
CHLCChance Health Locus of Control
CHLCColeman Health and Lifestyle Center.
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The CHLC Ethical Committee board approved the study protocol and all patients signed informed consent.
It is composed of 18 items with three subscales: (a) IHLC contains items 1, 6, 8, 12, 13, and 17 (sample item: "If I get sick, it is my own behavior which determines how soon I get well again"), (b) PHLC contains items 2, 4, 9, 11, 15, and 16 (sample item: "Whenever I do not feel well, I should consult a medically trained professional"), and (c) CHLC contains items 3, 5, 7, 10, 14, and 18 (sample item: "My good health is largely a matter of good fortune").
The Cronbach's alpha coefficients of the subscales ranged from 0.68 to 0.39 (for IHLC, 0.68; for CHLC, 0.59; for PHLC, 0.66; for FHLC, 0.39), and test-retest reliability coefficients ranged from 0.70 to 0.56 (for IHLC, 0.70; for CHLC, 0.70; for PHLC, 0.65; for FHLC, 0.56).
Anchorage, Alaska Table 1 Mean Scores for Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scales Summarized Across Types of Subjects Sample N JHLC CHLC PHLC * Chronic Patients 609 25.78 17.64 22.54 * Healthy Adults 1287 25.55 16.21 19.16 * Persons engaged in 720 27.38 15.52 18.44 Preventive Health Behaviors * College Students 749 26.68 16.72 17.87 Metaphysical Meditators 18 33.14 8.47 10.72 Note.
The Children's Health Locus of Control (CHLC) questionnaire was introduced by Parcel & Mayer (1978), working on the assumption that children and adolescents have locus of control beliefs specific to health, which strongly influence health-related behaviours such that health educators might benefit from the CHLC.
Stability of CHLC and the relatively simple procedure (16 dichotomous items) suggest that, despite
Whereas IHLC assesses the degree to which an individual believes health is a function of personal behavior, CHLC measures the extent to which one considers health to be a function of luck/chance.
Coop Hum Linkage Center (CHLC) Sci 1994;265:2049-54.