CICAMCanadian Institute of Certified Administrative Managers
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Originally from the north, from 1984 to 2000 she held the position of minister in charge of women's affairs (MINPROFF); today, she presides over the women's arm of the ruling party, heads SNI, CICAM's parent company, and is the secretary general of the Chantal Biya Foundation.
At the Laking shop in Yaounde (Laking shops are the selling points owned by CICAM), where the queue is unending and customers are allowed a maximum of one length of cloth each, retailers and consumers make all manner of arrangements.
Beyond the losses decried by CICAM as a result of this state of affairs and of the state's inability to stop the influx of Asian cloth, many people see it as a question of worth: that of the textiles themselves and that of the women who wear them (Sylvanus 2012).
CICAM, Centro de Investigacion y Capacitacion de la Mujer (1992) Entrevista con la directora Ximena Bedregal Saez.
(6) Second, it is widely believed by many experts working in the =public and private sectors in Guatemala that crimes of violence against women, as in many countries, are underreported (CICAM Representative 2011; Fundacion Sobrevivientes Representative 2011; Grupo Guatemalteco de Mujeres 2012, 7-8; Portillo Najera 2012, [paragraph][paragraph] 23, 29).
Although such impunity equally applies to crimes of violence against men and women, deep-rooted gender biases and stereotypes uniquely prejudice the proper investigation and prosecution of cases involving female victims (CICAM Representative 2011; Grupo Guatemalteco de Mujeres 2010, 55-56; IACHR 2011, [paragraph] 180-91; Portillo Najera 2012, [paragraph] 21-23).
There is also the tendency by police, judges, and prosecutors to urge the reconciliation of conflicts rather than seek to protect the victims of domestic violence (CICAM Representative 2011; Grupo Guatemalteco de Mujeres 2010, 57-58; Portillo Najera 2012, [paragraph] 28).