Abbreviations: AIIMS, All India Institute of Medical Sciences; BAR, bile acid receptor; BNP, brain natriuretic peptide; CAD, coronary artery disease; CAZRI, Central Arid Zone Research Institute; CCRAS, Central Council for Research in Ayurveda & Siddha; CDRI, Central Drug Research Institute; CHF, congestive heart failure; CIMAP
, Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants; CVDs, cardiovascular diseases; CYP7A1, cholesterol 7-alpha-hydroxylase/cytochrome P450 7A1; FXR, farnesoid X receptor; HDL, high density lipoprotein; KCCQ, Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire; LDL, low density lipoprotein; NMPB, National Medicinal Plants Board; NYHA, New York Heart Association; OPC, oligomeric procyanidins; PGE2, prostaglandin E2; PXR, pregnane X receptor; STZ, streptozotocin.
The authors are thankfull to the Director , CIMAP
for the encouragement and facilities provided during the studies.
malaccensis is mentioned amongst 65 listed Indian medicinal and aromatic plants facing genetic erosion by CIMAP (1997), a list that also includes Gentiana kurroo, Sausaurea costus, Hedychium spicatum, Nardostaschys grandiflora, Gaultheria procumbens and Jurinea dolomiaea.
Another Cinnamomum species, Cinnamomum tamala, was listed by CIMAP (1997) as suffering from over-exploitation and habitat destruction in India, such that plant populations are considerably reduced to the point of being "nearly threatened.
Abbreviations: CSAUT, Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur, India; CIMAP
, Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow, India; GBPUAT, Gobind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pant Nagar, India.
The patchouli seedlings, one month old, were procured from CIMAP
Resource Centre, Bangalore.
The authors are thankful to Director, CIMAP
(CSIR) for providing necessary facilities and financial assistance.