CIPARSCanadian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance (Canada)
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CIPARS collects raw, fresh (never frozen) chicken primarily produced and distributed in Canada.
The broiler industry is collaborating with CIPARS to create a farm surveillance program, which would capture data on antimicrobial drug use and resistance.
Dr Dutil passed away suddenly in August 2011 and is sadly missed by CIPARS and all who worked with her.
We would like to thank Danielle Daignault and the technical staff at the Laboratory for Foodborne Zoonoses, Public Health Agency of Canada, Sainte-Hyacinthe, Quebec; Nicol Janecko and all CIPARS retail field staff; J.T.
submitted for susceptibility testing as part of the human component of the CIPARS program since 2003, S.
enterica serovar Kentucky isolates obtained during 2003-2009 from animal and retail meat samples as part of CIPARS did not identify any ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates (
They were also selected from the CIPARS collection during the same period (2005-2007).
The protocol of the broth microdilution method used was fully described in the 2007 CIPARS report (23).
Public health concerns raised by publication of the CIPARS 2003 annual report, specifically the higher rates of ceftiofur resistance in Salmonella Heidelberg isolates from chicken meat than from humans, prompted Quebec broiler chicken hatcheries to voluntarily interrupt the extralabel in ovo use of ceftiofur during 2005-2006 (23).
CIPARS is a national program led by the Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC) dedicated to the preservation of effective antimicrobial drugs for humans and animals through the collection, integration, analysis, and communication of trends in antimicrobial resistance in selected bacterial organisms.
To use a similar geographic scale as CIPARS surveillance of human clinical Salmonella isolates and because we expected a certain level of provincial clustering in food distribution, we designed the study of CIPARS retail surveillance to provide a representative measurement of what consumers from each province were exposed to through ingestion of improperly cooked raw meat or cross-contamination.
coli have not yet been identified by CIPARS (23,38,39).