CIPARSCanadian Integrated Program for Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance (Canada)
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CIPARS collects raw, fresh (never frozen) chicken primarily produced and distributed in Canada.
The broiler industry is collaborating with CIPARS to create a farm surveillance program, which would capture data on antimicrobial drug use and resistance.
Dr Dutil passed away suddenly in August 2011 and is sadly missed by CIPARS and all who worked with her.
We would like to thank Danielle Daignault and the technical staff at the Laboratory for Foodborne Zoonoses, Public Health Agency of Canada, Sainte-Hyacinthe, Quebec; Nicol Janecko and all CIPARS retail field staff; J.
CIPARS is supported by the Public Health Agency of Canada, Health Canada, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency.
She coordinates poultry farm-related antimicrobial use/resistance research and surveillance activities of CIPARS.
enterica serovar Kentucky isolates obtained during 2003-2009 from animal and retail meat samples as part of CIPARS did not identify any ciprofloxacin-resistant isolates (www.
To use a similar geographic scale as CIPARS surveillance of human clinical Salmonella isolates and because we expected a certain level of provincial clustering in food distribution, we designed the study of CIPARS retail surveillance to provide a representative measurement of what consumers from each province were exposed to through ingestion of improperly cooked raw meat or cross-contamination.
coli) and the incidence rate of human infection with ceftiofur-resistant Salmonella Heidelberg was calculated as described in CIPARS 2006 annual report (12).
CIPARS data clearly indicate a temporal association between changing levels of contamination of retail chicken with ceftiofur-resistant Salmonella Heidelberg strains and incidence of ceftiofur-resistant Salmonella Heidelberg infection in humans.
Ceftiofur-resistant Salmonella Heidelberg has never been reported among CIPARS porcine Salmonella of abattoir origin, and it has not been detected among retail pork, abattoir beef, or retail beef, in which Salmonella prevalence remains <2% (12).
Again, CIPARS data from Quebec retail chicken sampling in 2007-2008 demonstrating a reemergence of ceftiofur resistance among E.