Women with severe CKD
may require regular dialysis.
There is a clear need for health awareness, timely diagnosis and proper follow-up of CKD
Worsens Even with the right treatment, CKD
can still progress.
Uncertainty in individuals with CKD
has not been termed with a separate conceptual definition despite the frequency of use in this population and the distinct characteristics of CKD
is a collective term covering a number of primary disease processes that result in structural or functional kidney abnormalities, or both, persisting for at least 3 months2.
The two leading causes of CKD
are high blood pressure (hypertension) and diabetes, both of which damage blood vessels in the kidneys and hasten declines in renal function.
Finally, it is in the hands of our general practitioners and primary healthcare workers to diagnose CKD
early and to either introduce adequate therapy or to refer early.
1 Depression is common in patients with CKD
and is associated with adverse outcomes.
ISN Programs Chair and Past President John Feehally (UK) comments: "These striking findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study confirm the growing pre-eminence of CKD
, and especially CKD
due to diabetes, as an avoidable cause of death worldwide.
C-reactive protein similar to other cytokines also raised in CKD
or dialysis patients.
1) Limited data exist regarding the exact prevalence of CKD
-mineral and bone disorder (MBD), but abnormal mineral metabolism is believed to start in stage 3 CKD
, implying that 8% of the adult US population could be at risk for, or already have established, CKD
Which of the following statements is TRUE regarding the treatment of VTE in CKD