CKGRCentral Kalahari Game Reserve (Botswana)
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The San people are legally allowed to hunt inside the CKGR national park for their living.
Botswana is the world's largest diamond producer, and the CKGR lies smack dab in the middle of one of its richest diamond fields.
Kaudwane is one of two relocation camps created by the government for the 2000 Basarwa inhabitants of the CKGR.
We are also particularly pleased that as a result of our proactive ongoing community consultations with the residents of the CKGR we are able to recognise the original name Ghaghoo, by re-naming the mine site.
Diamonds are the most likely resource to be mined in the reserve; but major player De Beers--which is the operating partner in a joint venture over a confirmed but as yet uneconomic reserve in the CKGR at Gope--has a complex relationship with Mogae's government.
The relocations remained largely a Botswana affair until November 2001, when the then responsible Botswana cabinet minister Margaret Nasha told a Press conference there were 435 Basarwa left in the CKGR and at 55,000 pula (P) ($10,000) per month, it was too expensive to continue supporting them.
The body became the self-appointed defenders of the CKGR San, campaigning vigorously against what they saw as ruthless exploitation.
Survival's director, Stephen Corry, dismissed claims that the expulsions were necessary because the San hunted the game and their continued existence in the CKGR cost too much.
Competitors hold 41 prospecting licences in the CKGR covering an area of 24,551 sq km.
The Gope Exploration Company, a 50-50 joint venture between De Beers and NorandaFalconbridge of Canada, holds a retention permit in respect of the Go25 and Go136 kimberlite deposits (commonly referred to as the Gope prospect) situated in the CKGR.
The exchanges have become so intense that recently President Fetus Mogae charged that Survival was "a new NGO and the only issue they have is the Basarwa and the CKGR.
Apart from possibly securing the San and Bakgaligadi rights in the CKGR, this hearing may well be the spur necessary for the Botswana government to positively address some of the concerns expressed by their ethnic minorities.