The experimental professors implemented the CLAQWA in the following way.
The control professors did not did not implement the CLAQWA in the classroom.
During the semester, the students in the experimental group submitted three essays to the experimental professors; these essays were evaluated according to the CLAQWA rubric.
During the semester, the students in the control group submitted three essays to the control professors; these essays were not evaluated according to the CLAQWA rubric.
The control professors neither taught nor evaluated student essays according to the CLAQWA rubric.
All final/third essays papers were assessed by the CLAQWA, a 16-point rubric that can evaluate both writing skills and cognitive skills.
Two raters scored essays according to the CLAQWA rubric.
Using an appropriate rubric such as the CLAQWA will allow professors the freedom in teaching that is so central to any academic discussion.
While this research study confirms that students do improve their skills during the duration of the semester-long course with or without the use of a specific rubric, it in no way undermines the efficacy of the CLAQWA rubric, an instrument that measures both cognitive level and quality of writing in college student essays.