(d) WCB trajectories are as in (c), but from a different viewpoint and combined with a cross section showing 3D WCB probabilities (color shading; %), ensemble-mean potential temperature (black contours; K), and the 2-PVU isoline (red contour), (e) COAMPS
adjoint 48-h forecast moisture sensitivity at 850 hPa [color shading; increments every 0.2 [m.sup.2] [s.sup.-2] [(g [kg.sup.-1]).sup.-1]] and 850-hPa geopotential heights (contours every 30 m) valid at 1200 UTC 24 Sep (initial forecast time).
The COAMPS results (bottom row) reveal the presence of low-level cool and moist air and the dry layer above 1,300 m, in good agreement with the rawinsonde profiles.
A comparison between the M field computed from the TO measurements and the soundings reveals the finescale structure of the modified refractivity in the aircraft measurements that are not present in the five soundings along the path or the COAMPS results.
The forecasts were compared with the model itself as well as with some external models --deterministic global pressure and temperature (GPT2) model and numerical weather prediction model COAMPS
(Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System).
TC is the latest advancement in weather models for tropical cyclone predictions.
The analysis of the flow derived from radio sounding and NWP COAMPS
model, shows that the actual correlation between consecutive voxels in the model is weaker in the bottom part and grows with increasing height.
These programs use data from the COAMPS
model run on IA64 Feniks computer cluster in the Department of Civil Engineering and Geodesy of the Military University of Technology.
Navy's Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System COAMPS
(1); Hodur 1997) run by the Naval Research Laboratory-Monterey (NRL-MRY), the United Kingdom's Unified Model (MetUM; Brown et al.
A., and Coauthors, 2012: Validation test report for the Coupled Ocean/Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS
) version 5.0: Ocean/ wave component validation.
ESPS codes include the Navy Global Environmental Model (NAVGEM), the Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM), and the Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS
); the NOAA Environmental Modeling System (NEMS) and the Modular Ocean Model (MOM); the Community Earth System Model (CESM); and the NASA ModelE climate model and the Goddard Earth Observing System Model, version 5 (GEOS-5), atmospheric general circulation model.
The Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS
) forecast and adjoint models (Amerault et al.
The model choices for the mesoscale are WRF and Coupled Ocean-Atmosphere Mesoscale Prediction System (COAMPS
), but the focus hitherto has been on WRF, approaching from multiple angles using complementary efforts.