(86) "Selection and Implementation of Expanded CODIS
Core Loci in the United States," Douglas R.
But the technique reported in the new paper suggests that familial searches might be possible to perform linking people in CODIS
to relatives in an ancestry database or vice versa.
(96) In twenty-nine states arrestees and detainees--many of whom are never charged or convicted--can have profiles entered into the database; for example, over a dozen states require that all felony arrestees have DNA entered, half of the states require that murder and sex crime arrestees have DNA entered in the CODIS
, while several states extend DNA collection to misdemeanor arrests.
Separately, for the purposes of this article, we reanalyzed the data from this prior study to focus on the 13 CODIS
STR loci across all 1009 individual genome data sets (Fig.
Managed by the National DNA Index System (NDIS), CODIS
facilitates the electronic comparison and exchange of DNA profiles between participating local, county, state, and federal law enforcement agencies and forensic laboratories.
(173) While IAFIS, the national database that maintains fingerprints of criminals, includes detailed information such as mug shots, tattoos, and criminal histories, CODIS
contains no personal identifiers.
loci certainly can be used to make inferences about a few family relationships and to give rough indications of biogeographic ancestry.
The FBI currently examines thirteen different loci to identify individual DNA samples in the CODIS
(Combined DNA Index System) database "hit'' last summer led to Tuesday's arrest of Mr.
This special issue begins with two papers that outline theoretical questions around ethics that helped to frame the concerns of CODIS
members in under taking this project.
The website discusses DNA in sexual assaults, DNA in homicide cases, DNA in property crimes, In Propria Persona (Pro Per) status, and the Combined DNA Index System (CODIS
(152) Second, the processing of the DNA sample and creating a DNA profile for CODIS
generates another search.