Our sample of private colleges is comparable to the sample used by Hill, Winston, and Boyd (2005), although it only includes 13 of the 31 COFHE colleges; also, all the colleges in our sample are national universities and over 80% of the colleges used by Hill et al.
A similar pattern existed for the COFHE colleges in Hill, Winston, and Boyd (2005).
Not even a hundredfold increase in the numbers of low-income community college transfers at COFHE
institutions would fill the enrollment gap of 2,255 low-income students estimated by Winston and Hill (2005).
For the elite subset of COFHE S/E majors with A or A- GPA's, proportions headed immedi ately to graduate school were higher but declines were steeper: from 68 percent of the 1984 cohort down to 43 percent by 1998.
The share of all COFHE S/E majors indicating no plans at all for advanced study during the course of their careers more than doubled, from 9 percent in 1984 to 19 percent in 1998.
The 1987 COFHE
follow-up study found that undergraduate debt did not prevent the attainment of further education for 1982 seniors who delayed entry into graduate school, did not lead COFHE
seniors to abandon their educational aspirations, or their arts and science degree goals in favor of professional fields.