Panel modelled the dose-response data from the key epidemiological studies and identified a range of benchmark dose lower confidence limit (BMDL01) values between 0.
uses a component-based approach, in which recurring elements may be represented as building blocks that are reused to represent parts of the input.
family of software was developed at the US National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).
The purpose of this project was to integrate and coordinate the use of CONTAM
, an airflow and contaminant dispersal simulation program, with the Visual Sample Plan (VSP)  computer program to provide individuals and agencies responding to a biological contamination event with a software-based approach to generating sample plans.
Multizone airflow modeling programs such as CONTAM
(Walton and Dols 2013) and COMIS (Feustel and Rayner-Hooson 1990) are efficient and convenient simulation tools in which parameters including HVAC system type and zoning as well as building and release characteristics are taken into account and easily varied.
This assumption is widely adopted by most IAQ simulation programs, such as CONTAM
(2009) for simplified HVAC modeling.
is a multizone airflow network model developed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (Walton and Dols 2008).
The fully simultaneous, semi-simultaneous, and segregate solvers with fixed and adapted relaxations are implemented in CONTAM
97R, a multi-zone airflow network model with energy analysis capabilities in the CONTAM
A specially developed version of CONTAM
called the Project Creation Wizard (PCW) has been developed by Vandemusser (2007) which runs on the same simulation engine but differs from CONTAM
in that it has a more "user friendly" graphical user interface and more built-in default model parameters that help reduce the time and effort needed to develop an airflow model.
This was then compared to the synthetic airflow rates simulated by the CONTAM
model (Step 5).
The investigation employs a simplified version of the CONTAM
model of a barracks used by Firrantello et al.
Once this minimum flow has been established, CONTAM
or another network model can be used to design a system of stair supply and venting that will result in the minimum flow past all stair doors under conditions of all stair doors closed and a design number of stair doors open.