CORINAIRCore Inventory of Air Emissions (environment)
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In coherence with the CorinAIR approach defined within the UE and already applied to conventional transport means, the sensitiveness of TTW energy consumption with the main influencing parameters was evaluated, so extending the results of the CorinAIR methodology itself.
According to CorInAIR procedures, the consumption curves should be obtained on the basis of experimental data and/or simulations of a series of standard missions with variable average mean service speed, mean slope of the mission and passenger payload of the vehicles.
This is certainly one of the main limits of the CorInAIR procedure which only uses cruise speed, slope and payload to predict vehicle behaviour.
The obtain a complete sensitiveness analysis, as prescribed by the CorinAIR procedure, all the simulations were repeated varying also the mean slope of the path (5 discrete values: -4, -2, 0, 2, 4%, being this defined as the ratio between the altitude difference and the horizontal distance run) and of the payload during the service: (3 discrete values: 0, 50 and 100%, with respect to the various vehicles' maximum capacity).
Data shown for CONV buses, limiting at MIDI, FULL and ART vehicle sizes were also compared with those presented in the CorInAIR report [17].
However, this approach is that consolidated in the CorInAIR procedure which is widely used within the European Union [17].
TTW and WTW energy consumptions calculated by the CorInAIR approach, in fact, are normally used in Europe to evaluate all the exercise costs of the vehicles, as well as indirect cost associated to their C[O.sub.2] and pollutants' emissions.
Emissions were estimated with the simplest CORINAIR methodology for maritime activities [44].
[1] Eggleston, H.S.; Gaudioso, D.; Gorissen, N.; Joumard, R.; Rijkeboer, R.C.; Samaras, Z.; Zierock, K.H., 1991, "CORINAIR Working Group on Emission Factors for Calculating 1990 Emissions from Road Traffic.