The direct observation of organoclay dispersion in CPNC was conducted on a transmission electron microscope (TEM; JEOL JEM 2011) at an acceleration voltage of 200 kV.
The effect of MB and S-P compounding methods and that of the compounding devices on the tensile properties of CPNC is presented in Fig.
This mechanism may be more important for improving the CPNC performance than the spacing in short stacks itself.
Recently, Lertwimolnun and Vergnes  used TSE for compounding CPNC similar to the one discussed in this paper.
Thus, since the CPNC crystallinity (first heating data) is nearly constant, (40.5 [+ or -] 0.5)%, its effect on mechanical performance might be neglected.
where [E.sub.R] is the relative modulus; [E.sub.c] the modulus of CPNC; [E.sub.m] the modulus of polymer matrix; and w is the clay concentration.