CPSCS was applied on the third day of admission to all study subjects.
The CPSCS consists of 8 specific areas of nursing activities: 'vital signs measurement', 'monitoring', 'activities of daily living (ADL)', 'feeding', 'IV therapy and medication', 'treatments and procedures', 'respiratory therapy', and 'teaching and emotional support'.
The mean scores of the 8 CPSCS areas were as follows: 'vital signs measurement' 9.
Ten potential predictors were evaluated, ie the eight areas of CPSCS, total CPSCS score, and grade classified according to CPSCS total score.
Several studies have evaluated the validity and reliability of the CPSCS for estimating the time, amount, cost, and personnel demand required for ICU nursing activities (Ham 1997; Yu and Cho 1996; Kang 1993).
Of the eight CPSCS areas, 'vital signs measurement', 'teaching and emotional support', 'respiratory therapy', and 'IV therapy and medication' were found to significantly predict mortality.
Taken together, our results signify that CPSCS can be used to efficiently predict a restricted area of the outcome in brain injury patients.
The result of the present study showed that the CPSCS can be used to efficiently predict mortality, but less reliable at predicting functional and cognitive recovery in brain injury patients.
In the regression equation for the CPSCS "remember teacher instructions" factor, the greater the maternal intrusiveness, the lower the teacher ratings of the child's compliance with and memory for instructions.
In the case of CPSCS teacher instructions, children's gender and compliance with and memory for Head Start teachers' instructions both contributed significantly to the regression.
Similarly, mothers' involvement during kindergarten explained significant variance in children's compliance with and memory for kindergarten teachers' instructions, accounting for 6% of the variance in CPSCS teacher instructions.
However, the outcome data on PPVT and CPSCS teacher-instructions underscore the importance of continued maternal involvement in their children's education beyond the Head Start years.