CRAFFTCar, Relax, Alone, Forget, Friends, Trouble (keywords in a screening questionnaire to identify at-risk teen substance abusers; Center for Adolescent Substance Abuse Research; Children's Hospital Boston)
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When the question was modified and reformulated and the participants were asked whether they would have the ability to detect alcohol use/abuse problems in adolescents using an impartial and structured tool, all participants except two from Barcelona answered they did not know of any validated screening tools such as AUDIT, CAGE or CRAFFT. They also considered they would be able to use them with the appropriate training: "Yes, but provided that it would not seriously affect our work".
You should strongly consider discussing substance use with the concerned adults when there are these red flags: daily use of any substance, any intravenous substance use, a score of 2 or higher on the CRAFFT, prescription medication misuse, or any change in medical status resulting from substance use, such as alcohol-related blackouts.
With a .83 AUC, this instrument compares well with others of its kind; specifically, the CRAFFT with an AUC of .84, the AUDIT .79 and the CAGE .70 (Cook, Chung, Kelly, & Clark, 2004).
En lo que respecta al consumo de riesgo de alcohol y otras sustancias, los resultados revelan que la participacion regular en el botellon incrementa sustancialmente la probabilidad de obtener un resultado positivo tanto en el CRAFFT como en el AUDIT, siendo mayor el tamano del efecto observado en este ultimo caso, es decir, para el consumo de riesgo de alcohol (tabla 2).
A recent review of the CRAFFT concluded that it had adequate psychometric properties for the detection of AUDs among adolescents [12] and is widely used to detect alcohol misuse in this age group.
For example, although the GAIN-SS and CRAFFT are increasingly utilised as screeners for substance use in South Africa, (31,32) their psychometric properties have not been established for local populations, and it is unclear whether findings from US studies can be extrapolated to South Africa.
Em recente revisao sistematica da Cochrane (20) sobre a validacao e a confiabilidade da escala CRAFFT foram encontrados 17 estudos, realizados em adolescentes na populacao geral (21), em alistamento militar (16), ambiente hospitalar (12), na atencao primaria a saude (11,19), servicos de emergencia (20) e clinicas de doencas sexualmente transmissiveis (20).
"Peer Assistance Services provides training on screening adolescents using the CRAFFT screening tool and providing brief motivational conversations to decrease use and the harms associated with use of marijuana, alcohol or other drugs.
* A pre-visit computerized screening using the CRAFFT behavioral health screening tool designed for children under age 21 (Knight et al.
3 beside the Summoner's and the Pardoner's Prologues, e.g., "Chaucer in this prologue (as in dyverse other places) veray excellently descryves the greate crafft & abhominable disceyts of all the popush prelates, vernyshed over with a fayre face & color of fayned religion & fals pretended holynes" (sig.