At present, the only treatment that exists for CRVO
is to ameliorate the side effects.
Generally, RVO is classified into BRVO and CRVO
depending on the affected vein lesion.
, papillophlebitis spontaneously resolves, and its etiology also differs from that of CRVO
The anti-inflammatory, angiostatic, and antipermeability properties of TA have gained interest in chronic retinal diseases, such as proliferative diabetic retinopathy , DME [40, 41], exudative AMD [42-44], presumed ocular histoplasmosis syndrome , CRVO
, BRVO , neovascular glaucoma , proliferative vitreoretinopathy , persistent pseudophakic CME , perifoveal telangiectasias , sympathetic ophthalmia , ischemic ophthalmopathy , exudative retinal detachment , radiation induced macular edema , macular edema due to retinitis pigmentosa , Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome , and chronic uveitis .
Some common causes of this serious secondary glaucoma are occlusive retinal vascular diseases such as central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO
), proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR), central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO), inflammatory disease and intraocular tumours1.
After having been given the diagnosis of a CRVO
, I had made secret plans to learn Braille while I could still see.
* For most patients with CRVO
, vision decreases to 20/100, 20/200, or worse, usually permanently if the occlusion is indeed venous and not arterial as well.
present a somewhat similar patient with combined CRAO and CRVO
. In this patient, symptoms began immediately following cataract surgery with retrobulbar anesthesia.
This was a prospective interventional case series of intravitreal dexamethasone implant (Ozurdex) in consecutive naive patients with visual impairment and clinical and/or instrumental diagnosis of ME following CRVO
within previous three months before enrollment.
is defined as an eye that has retinal vein haemorrhage or evidence of retinal vein occlusion and dilated venous system in all 4 quadrants.
* Central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO
) is usually due to a fibrin and platelet thrombin before or at the level of lamina cribrosa.