(31.) Bennett ST, Wilson AJ, Cucca
F, Nerup J, Pociot F, McKinney PA, et al.
Flexible organizational structures seem to respond better to their needs in terms of social protection, both in terms of vulnerability associated with lifecycle events (maternity leave, care leave, illness, and pensions, etc.) and providing protection against loss of wages as a result of market crisis (Cucca and Maestripieri 2014).
An institutional context opposed to monopolistic closures (Butler, Chillas, and Muhr 2012; Hodgson, Paton, and Muzio 2015; Noordegraaf 2007; Noordegraaf and Schinkel 2011) implies a process of deregulation, causing new vulnerabilities and insecurities among professionals (Cucca and Maestripieri 2014), and questioning the legitimacy of their privileged status (Cohen et al.
First, the organization of tasks is not necessarily at odds with being a professional (Evetts 2011a, 2011b); it is part of the role of senior professionals (Waring 2014) and freelance practitioners (Cucca and Maestripieri 2014).
In particular, what is often forgotten is the role played by self-employment in defining professionalism, which is also extremely diverse within itself (Cucca and Maestripieri 2014), ranging from freelance individuals to entrepreneurs running small companies organized into professional partnerships.
Drawing on a more generalized analysis of the organizational strategies of professionals conducted by Cucca and Maestripieri (2014), the two cases are important to stress convergent strategies in the hybridization between professionalism and organization (Noordegraaf 2011).
This lengthy procedure, which in the past was a mechanism of social protection for the professional group, at least in terms of controlling numbers of new entrants, has not been able to control the architectural market in the past 10 years (Cucca and Maestripieri 2014).
Self-employed professionals make up the majority of professionals in consulting and architecture (ACE 2014; Cucca and Maestripieri 2014; Maestripieri 2013), but the accounts of the two groups reveal different perspectives on self-employment.