First, I examine the domestic and international context of labour activism during the period between CUFTA
There is evidence for a substantial change in productivity that is contemporaneous with CUFTA
Figure 3 shows that the proportion of both women and men (as a % of both the male and the female labour forces) in manufacturing declined significantly: before CUFTA
about 12% of working women had manufacturing jobs.
The purpose of this analysis is to show the changing provincial focus (if any) of interregional trade since the establishment of the CUFTA
and the NAFTA.
Yet, as one analyst suggested, the fact that the CUFTA
mechanism of labour mobility was extended to Mexico was "revolutionary" insofar as Mexico's had "little in the way of an immigration 'system'" (Papademetriou 2003, 41).
The Court holds that "[a] a transfer is not fraudulent under CUFTA
where an asset is acquired for a 'reasonably equivalent value' through a 'regularly conducted, non-collusive sale, foreclosing on assets subject to a lien.
The tenuous linkage Lusztig asserts between these two initiatives, never made publicly by the Mulroney government, raises a puzzling question: If the two initiatives were linked as parts of a strategy to build a lasting electoral coalition, then why did Mulroney chose to seek a mandate to adopt CUFTA
in the 1988 federal election without attempting to secure as well a mandate for the swift ratification of the Meech Lake constitutional reform package by holdout provincial governments in that campaign (a move that arguably could have strengthened the government's efforts in this area)?
Just as with CUFTA
, the current negotiations for a North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) are an attempt to formalize and to some extent channel the pattern of "silent integration" that already exists.
As in the 1985/87 CUFTA
negotiations, the essence of any negotiation involves resolving such issues and finding mutually acceptable compromises.
Similarly, it seems clear that western support for CUFTA
was motivated, in part, by the desire to remove fiscal powers from Ottawa.
At the same time CUFTA
was intended to deter a return to previous interventionist policies (subsidies, screening of most investment, etc.
Canada is committed to the timely ratification of CUFTA
so Canadians and Ukrainians alike can take advantage of its benefits as soon as possible.