For the nouns with stem-final a/a there are four disyllabic structures and one trisyllabic: CVCV (type kana- (12) 'fish'), CVCCV (type nagna-'nail'), CVVCV (type naiva'ship'), CVCV (type pima-'milk') and CVCVCV (type vasara-'hammer').
In this structure, the nominative and the genitive forms have the same CVCV structure (kana?
In Athpahariya, the sequence of CVCV
, CVCCV, CVCVC and CVCCVC constitutes disyllabic pattern.
The material is presented in two parts: what CVCV
is, and why it is worth considering the idea a valuable and viable approach to phonology.
If you say that all lengthenings in CVC items must have happened because they were mistaken for CVCV
items with deletable schwa, this leaves you with NO way of determining whether or not Closed Syllable Lengthening EVER took place.
V2 V1 Short Long Short CVCV CVCVV CVCCV CVCCVV CVCCV CVCCVV Long CVVCV CVVCVV CVVCCV CVVCCVV CVVCCV CVVCCVV V--short vowel VV--long vowel C--single consonant CC--secondary geminate or a prolonged consonant CC--original geminate
Foot type Example Gloss CVCV kada roof:Imp:2Sg CVVCV saDa accompany:Imp:2Sg CVVCVV maDa sleep:Imprs:Prs CVCCV kukka flower:Nom CVCCVV tappa kill:Prs:3Sg CVCCVV makka sleep:Imp:2Sg CVVCCV vutta year:Part CVVCCVV satta accompany:Prs:3Sg CVVCCVV tuka bring:Imp:2Pl
The neutralization of phonemic vowel length contrasts in foot-final syllables with a light foot-initial syllable means that the phenomenon of consonant lengthening before unstressed long vowels bears the burden of conveying the contrast in vowel length in CVCV(C) feet: consonant lengthening applies before phonemic long vowels but not before phonemic short vowels that have been lengthened foot-finally in CVCV and CVCVC feet.
There are 13 types of foot structures encompassing the first and second syllables: CVCV, CV[C.
The data for the CVCV and VCCV series showed higher duration ratios in the latter type of structure, with the exception of those for idiolect group 3, where duration ratios did not vary.
0001) Series: CVCV Idiolect N of v1 v2 v1/v2 group tokens (ms) (ms) 1 48 111.
Rules for words without joint alphabets CV structure CV Break CVCVCVC CV+CV+CVC CVCV CV+CV CVCCVCVCCV CVC+CV+CVC+CV CVCVCCVCCVCCV CV+CVC+CVC+CVC+CV VCCVCVC VC+CV+CVC VCV V+CV CVCVCVCV CV+CV+CV+CV CVCVCVCVCVC CV+CV+CV+CV+CVC