In 1993, just days after the CVES
released its final report, then President Alfredo Cristiani (1989-1994) pushed for immediate passage of a blanket Amnesty Law.
That is because on March 20, 1993--just five days after the CVES report went public--El Salvador's Asamblea Legislativa (AL) passed the Ley de amnistia general para la consolidacion de la paz.
Together, last month's emotionally-charged anniversaries--the 20th for both the CVES report and the amnesty law and 33rd for Romero's killing--triggered a flurry of commentary and criticism about El Salvador's enduring let-sleeping-dogs-lie approach to war-era atrocities.
report attributed 85% of the killings to state agents and 5% to the Frente Farabundo Marti para la Liberacion Nacional (FMLN), a coalition of leftist guerilla forces that has since become one of El Salvador's two principal political parties.
He was released less than a year and a half later, however, thanks to an Amnesty Law that --at the behest of then President Alfredo Cristiani (1989-1994)--was implemented just five days after the CVES report went public.
The CVES report noted that Cristiani called Ellacuria in Spain just days before the killings, urging him to return to El Salvador.
But he did break the code of silence practiced by his conservative predecessors when he mentioned by name three of the senior officers who, according to the CVES
, were involved in the massacre: Jose Armando Azmitia, Natividad de Jesus Caceres, and Domingo Monterrosa, the Atlacatl Battalion's top commander (NotiCen, March 23, 1993).
concluded that the soldiers received direct orders from on high to execute Ellacuria and leave no witnesses.