(5,6) The availability of center-based and family child care during nonstandard hours is minimal, with estimates that only 8 percent of center-based child care
providers offer nonstandard-hour care.
The report also states that the current child care system in Illinois is "less than optimal;" that 32 percent of parents report having difficulty finding child care; that most of the child care options in Illinois (86 percent) are not accredited; and that the annual cost of center-based child care
, $10,000 to $15,000, is unaffordable for many families.
Although most children are placed in center-based child care
or are cared for by relatives, nearly 2 million young children in the US are placed in Family Child Care Homes (FCCH)s, which provide nonrelative care in a home setting outside the child's home .
The average cost for an infant in center-based child care
can be as high as $17,082 per year, or $12,796 annually for a four-year-old.
There are babysitters, nanny services, family child care (home-based care in private homes), to center-based child care
(faith-based centers, head start programs and private child care).
Child Care Teachers and the Quality of Care in America," Final Report: Child Care Staffing Study (Oakland, CA: Child Care Employee Project, 1990); Laura Stout Sosinsky, Heather Lord, and Edward Zigler, "For-Profit/Nonprofit Differences in Center-Based Child Care
Quality: Results from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development," in Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 28 (2007): 390-410.
Both leaders “are committed to creating and providing high quality, affordable home and center-based child care
in the State of Illinois,” according to Ratner.
One provider described her belief in a "huge difference" in the spread of viruses when her center-based child care
switched from allowing the children to choose their own snacks from a common platter, compared to having staff hand out the food.
In the United States, more than half of all 3- to 6-year-olds are enrolled in center-based child care
, and those who attend such centers spend an average of 25 hours per week there.
Two appendices present model work standards for family- and center-based child care
programs and discuss the legal impact of antitrust laws.
These tips are offered to center-based child care
providers and home-based child care providers.
The EPI study looked at center-based child care
, rather than at school-based early education or home-based care, and examined data on the ECE work force from the 1979-2004 Current Population Surveys.