was found in 6(14.3%) isolates.
Seventy percent GP's mentioned that resistance of quinolones was rising in Pakistan, 13% mentioned quinolones, ceftriaxone and chloramphenicol (all three is rising) while 12% mentioned chloramphenicol resistance
Several researcher have studied the chloramphenicol resistance
(3.1-49%) in environmental isolates (23,24) and is in line with the current study.
The high prevalence of penicillin and chloramphenicol resistance
recorded poses a serious public health concern since these antibiotics stand less chance of curing infected patients who use the surveyed water sources as drinking water or for domestic purposes.
Vila, "CraA, a major facilitator superfamily efflux pump associated with chloramphenicol resistance
in Acinetobacter baumannii," Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, vol.
However, the observed resistance can be due to coselection of chloramphenicol resistance
by sulphonamides and streptomycin use , which are extensively used.
of Salmonella species in India, 1956-61.
Transferable chloramphenicol resistance
in Salmonella typhi.
BSf-418 BSf- 480 and BSf-4162) with chloramphenicol resistance
were also successfully introduced into E.
A notable feature of lineage II is chloramphenicol resistance
resulting from a cat gene within a specific Tn21-like element, carried by the virulence-associated plasmid pSLT (3).
 reported that 3% of the seawater samples contained resistance to chloramphenicol but in this study chloramphenicol resistance
in Staphylococcus intermedius from a single veterinary center: evidence for plasmid and chromosomal location of the resistance genes.