HDP was classified into chronic hypertension
, gestational hypertension, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia, or undefined if there was insufficient information in the assessment letter.
The underlying hypertensive disorder was preeclampsia (58.5%) in majority of the study population followed by chronic hypertension
He pointed out that chronic hypertension
should be diagnosed during first trimester and treated before pregnancy.
The primary outcome was a claim for an influenza vaccine; the population included 17,078 patients with psoriasis, 21,832 with RA, and 496,972 with chronic hypertension
These were PE-eclampsia, chronic hypertension
of any cause, chronic hypertension
with superimposed PE, and gestational hypertension.
* chronic hypertension
with superimposed preeclampsia: hypertension complicated by development of multisystem involvement during the course of the pregnancy--often a challenging diagnosis, associated with greater perinatal morbidity than either chronic hypertension
or preeclampsia alone.
Women were followed for self-reported physician diagnosis of chronic hypertension
and hypercholesterolemia and confirmed type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Multivariable logistic regression was used to model the adjusted association between each sociodemographic characteristic and the risk of maternal hypertension, pregnancy-related hypertension, chronic hypertension
, or eclampsia .
For example, patients with chronic hypertension
may tolerate systolic BPs (SBP) of 200 mm Hg without developing hypertensive encephalopathy, while pregnant women and children may develop encephalopathy with diastolic BPs of 100 mm Hg (13).
They had higher baseline rates of obesity, preexisting diabetes, and chronic hypertension
, and were more likely to be smokers.
One hundred pregnant women who were at increased risk of developing preeclampsia (nulliparous, chronic hypertension
, and body mass index [greater than or equal to] 30 kg/[m.sup.2]) were randomly assigned to receive, in double-blind fashion, 3 g of L-arginine once a day or placebo, from week 20 of gestation until delivery.
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (gestational hypertension, pre-eclampsia, eclampsia and chronic hypertension
) are a major cause of maternal mortality in South Africa (SA) and worldwide.