The use of IT analgesia in patients with chronic nonmalignant pain
, such as failed back surgery syndrome, spasticity associated with multiple sclerosis, or diabetic neuropathy, is both more controversial and more complex.
During the past 2 decades, chronic opioid analgesic therapy (COAT) for chronic nonmalignant pain
has gained increasing clinical acceptance.
(2006) Chronic nonmalignant pain
: the rational, use of opiod medication.
Emphasizing urine drug testing (UDT) for monitoring pain management at pain clinics, White (NCH Healthcare System, Naples/clinical laboratory science, Florida Gulf Coast U.) and Black (anesthesiology, NCH Healthcare System, Naples) treat chronic nonmalignant pain
with substances from amphetamines to antidepressants.
The book tells the stories of various chronic nonmalignant pain
sufferers and their physicians, people whose lives have been permanently changed by an overzealous prosecutorial system
Is chronic nonmalignant pain
associated with decreased appetite in older adults: Preliminary Evidence.
(2005) Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines for Interdisciplinary Rehabilitation of Chronic Nonmalignant Pain
A theoretical model for caring for women with chronic nonmalignant pain
. Qualitative Health Research, 4, 94-122.
Studies were completed in chronic nonmalignant pain
populations with long-term opioid therapy and it was noted that euphoria was a rare side effect.
Okifuji, "Evidence-based scientific data documenting the treatment and cost-effectiveness of comprehensive pain programs for chronic nonmalignant pain
," Journal of Pain, vol.
Literacy demands and formatting characteristics of opioid contracts and chronic nonmalignant pain