In response to these numerous complaints, Secretary of Agriculture Dan Glickman appointed a Civil Rights Action Team (CRAT) to scrutinize the issues and make strong recommendations for change.
The Civil Rights Action Team's report on the USDA's dealings with African American farmers establishes that many of these farmers lost land or income as a direct result of the discriminatory practices of the USD A and its agencies (Civil Rights Action Team, 1997).
Lawrence Lucas, USDA Coalition of Minority Employees President, claims that little has improved since the 1997 Civil Rights Action Team
report found strong evidence of systemic mistreatment of minority employees within USDA.
Agriculture Secretary Dan Glickman has acknowledged that "small farmers in general, and African American farmers in particular, are having a harder time keeping their land." A federal Civil Rights Action Team
developed 92 recommendations to reform USDA practices but, to date, the vast majority have yet to be implemented.
(Space and time do not allow for a review of the numerous reports supporting the long and protracted problems of the USDA toward its Black clients and that all predate that meeting.) For further reading see (Civil Rights Action Team 1997; Jones 1994; US Commission on Civil Rights 1982; Brown 1973; and US Commission on Civil Rights 1965).
Additionally, BFAA leadership traveled the South extensively, raising awareness about the lawsuit and encouraging farmers to testify during the listening sessions that led up to and comprised a significant amount of the farmer testimony of the Civil Rights Action Team (CRAT) Report.