Ryan, Reid and Epstein (2004) noted eight types of peer-mediated interventions, including: Classwide Peer Tutoring
(CWPT), Cooperative Learning, Cross-Age Tutoring, Peer Tutoring, Peer-Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS), Peer Assessment, Peer Modeling, and Peer Reinforcement (see Table 1).
Studies selected for this review were published between 2000 and 2014 and included peer mediated instructional strategies such as classwide peer tutoring
, peer assisted learning strategies because they included key elements of cooperative learning approaches as defined by Slavin (2008).
Classwide peer tutoring
to improve basic academic skills.
The concept of Classwide Peer Tutoring
(CWPT) developed by Charles Greenwood in 1983 presented another type of corrective activity.
"ClassWide Peer Tutoring
" is a teaching strategy that involves the entire class in tutoring using a game format.
According to Harper, Maheady, Mallette, and Karnes (1999), classwide peer tutoring
programs "permit students to interact with other students whom they might otherwise avoid or ignore" (p.
I enjoyed using classwide peer tutoring
in my classes.
The section concludes with strategies involving classwide peer tutoring
and graphic organizers.
This study tested a classwide peer tutoring
model using rule-governed responding to teach tutors to accurately present learn units during social studies instruction using a multiple baseline across participants with pre and post intervention probes.
Increasing active student responding and improving academic performance through classwide peer tutoring
. Intervention in School and Clinic, 34(2), 89-94.
After further consultation with her former advisor and some selected reading, Juanita recommended that the teachers incorporate two instructional interventions into their classes on a regular basis: cooperative learning and classwide peer tutoring
An ABAB reversal design was used over the course of 26 weeks to examine the effects of reciprocal Classwide Peer Tutoring
on the number of words spelled correctly on weekly tests by four first graders with learning disabilities who were fully included in a regular classroom.