2, while a special operations command and control element is not responsible for planning or executing civil affairs (CA) or psychological operations (PSYOP) activities except as incidental to its mission, both are performed by Special Operations Forces and may be integral to the mission.
In a coalition environment, a special operations command and control element needs routine joint augmentation.
A special operations command and control element must have qualified linguists in a coalition environment.
To conduct joint and combined warfare, a special operations command and control element must be configured for success.
Within a coalition, a special operations command and control element should be augmented with appropriate counterpart organizations from allied militaries as well as host nations.
Moreover, a command and control element is not doctrinally responsible for either planning or conducting CA or PSYOP activities.
One way to increase the abilities of a special operations command and control element is including basics such as the Special Forces qualification course exercise to enable students to learn joint planning challenges first hand.
Special operations command and control elements are formed around an existing table of organization and equipment, such as a Special Forces company headquarters.
Command and control elements, however, must be able to access every source that provides intelligence to its components to ensure that both levels have the same picture of the battlefield.
Current doctrine must be reviewed in light of the demand for special operations command and control elements in a joint and combined environment.
Without combining these two warfighting elements, however, realistic training for special operations command and control elements is lost.