The description of Menelaus (designated simply as her coniunx
or 'husband': 572) as deserted, the omission of Paris, and the emphasis on her fear suggest that she is no innocent victim.
"quid tantum insano iuvat indulgere dolori, o dulcis coniunx
? non haec sine numine divum eveniunt; nec te comitem hinc portare Creusam fas aut ille sinit superi regnator Olympi.
But, once they reach Naxos, he abandons her in her sleep on the island's shore, presumably after having made love to her (Catullus indicates, at line 123, that he has become her de-facto "coniunx
" or husband).
1.46-7 ast ego, quae divum incedo regina Iouisquel et soror et coniunx
. Camps underestimates the implication of identity, but unpacks the line well, and his comment on the syntax is useful (`the word digna [especially] compensates the absence of a comparative conjunction; in the following line 7 the syntax continues as if such a conjunction were felt to have been already introduced').
Sic furva coniunx
Tartarei Iovis, sic quae tremenda fila secat manu mortalibus talem invidentes aerias rapuere ad umbras?
140, but neither of them has the fourfold `te' of Ambrose's verse and - despite the fact that Eurydice, unlike Hercules and Isis, was not a god - a closer model on a purely literary level could be lines 465-66 of Georgics IV (`te, dulcis coniunx
, te solo in litore secum,/te veniente die, te decedente canebat').
It is worth noting in this context that our last glimpse of the Virgilian Dido in the underworld shows her returning successfully to her former husband: "refugit / in nemus umbriferum, coniunx
ubi pristinus illi / respondet curis aequatque Sychaeus amorem" (Aen.
tribuam: nullo violabere ferro, quin etiam mansura dabo monimenta per aevum, inque domo soceri semper spectabere nostri, ut mea se sponsi soletur imagine coniunx
.' dixit et in partem Phorcynida transtulit illam, ad quam se trepido Phineus obverterat ore.
bcoeuntque animalia nullo cetera dilectu, nec habetur turpe iuvencae ferre patrem tergo; fit equo sua filia coniunx
, quasque creavit, init pecudes caper, ipsaque, cuius semine concepta est, ex illo concipit ales.' "Other animals mate with no preference, nor it is thought dirty for a heifer to bear her father on her back; a horse's daughter becomes his wife, and the goat enters the flocks he has created, and the very bird conceives from him by whose seed she was conceived." Turning next to other tribes of humans as a model, she declares, kentes ...