Located in Thurston, Nebraska, Thurston Manufacturing Company has produced Fertilizer Application and Conservation Tillage Equipment
for 40 years.
In most parts of the country, there is a lack of conservation tillage equipment
(e.g., residue shredders and no-tillage planters), and farmers often resist this type of agriculture.
Tamara Muntean, the farm manager at Cahul, encountered tremendous opposition from the farm leadership in using the newly-arrived conservation tillage equipment
. Tamara, who had seen the capabilities of the technology during her visit to the US, could not convince the other members of the farm management group at Cahul of the potential benefits the conservation tillage technology would offer.
Specifically, the measures evaluated are: (1) a soil loss regulation policy that defines a maximum limit for aggregate soil erosion from all cropping operations per farmland area per year; (2) a tax imposed on (USLE-computed) soil eroded from all cropping operations per farmland area per year; (3) a tax imposed on material inputs (seed, fertilizer, chemicals) for corn and soybean crops grown in association with conventional tillage systems; (4) a direct, one-time subsidy to farmers purchasing conservation tillage equipment
; (5) a direct, annual subsidy (via reductions to production costs) to farmers incorporating alfalfa into their crop sequences or to farmers using conservation tillage practices; and, (6) a direct subsidy on product prices for alfalfa.