"The LOFAR observations might be comparable to the initial discovery of the CMB in the 1960s and the detection of the ripples by NASA's Cosmic Background Explorer
(COBE) satellite," says de Bruyn.
When the satellite, NASA's Cosmic Background Explorer
(LOBE), reached orbit in 1989, it showed that the CM B has the blackbody spectrum predicted by the Big Bang theory, with a temperature of 2.725 kelvin.
In the 1970s and 1980s, Mather was "the true driving force" behind the satellite known as NASA's Cosmic Background Explorer
(COBE), according to the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, the institute that awards the physics prize.
But all those discoveries have come from robotic craft such as the Hubble Space Telescope, the Cosmic Background Explorer
, and the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe.
The book also includes an explanation of string theory, updates on the Hubble Space Telescope and the Cosmic Background Explorer
satellite, and a helpful glossary.
A team led by Daniel Babich (Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics) found no trace of such an effect in data from NASA's Cosmic Background Explorer
. This doesn't tighten the limits set by Halley's orbit if the Kuiper Belt material tends to be chunky.
Data and images collected by satellites such as the Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe and the Cosmic Background Explorer
have enabled scientists to zero in on what happened just 380,000 years after the Big Bang.
The team found a tight correlation between the X-ray background as mapped in 10 years of RXTE data and our galaxy's near-infrared glow as mapped by NASA's Cosmic Background Explorer
(COBE) in the early 1990s.
He provides an engaging, behind-the-scenes account of how WMAP, as well as its predecessor, the Cosmic Background Explorer
, was built and launched and how data from each are processed.
The primary evidence for this came courtesy of a NASA space mission, the Cosmic Background Explorer
satellite, or COBE.
Viewing the fluctuations with 45 times the sensitivity and 33 times the spatial resolution of its predecessor, the Cosmic Background Explorer
satellite, WMAP has nailed down several key cosmological parameters.
And it confirmed a still-unexplained datum from WMAP's predecessor, the Cosmic Background Explorer
(COBE) satellite: an unexpected lack of lumpiness in the microwave sky on the very largest scales.